Land Management, Ecological Forcasting, and Adaptive Management:
Matching goals to results
Forecasting future conditions based on current conditions and trends is critical to planning for natural resources sustainability, climate change adaptation, and estimates of carbon storage. Our work includes:
• Calculating carbon sequestration in current and future forests and other ecosystems
• Modeling of how ecosystems and ecosystem services change under different scenarios
• Forecasting species distributions under climate change scenarios
Sound information that is grounded in a conceptual understanding of how ecological systems work is crucial for effective management planning. Modeling is a core feature of our work.
• Ecological models that capture key states and drivers
• On-the-ground and remote data that validate models
• Creation of valid scorecards for effective management decisions
Our staff has expertise in conservation planning, ecological integrity measures, climate change planning, urban ecology, conceptual modeling, creation of monitoring programs, fire management planning,water resources management, arid lands and rangeland management, remote sensing, geospatial data analysis, recreation,biocontol, ecosystem restoration, and NEPA analysis. See our staff list for specific information.
Here are just a few of the publications and reports that illustrate the kind of work Sound Science staff do in these areas (Sound Science staff in bold):
Maddox, G.D., K.E. Poiani, and R.E. Unnasch 1999. Evaluating Management Success: Using ecological models to ask the right monitoring questions. IN N. Johnson (Ed.) The Ecological Stewardship Project: A common reference for Ecosystem Management (3 Volumes)
Elsvier Science: Oxford.
Parrish, J.D., D.P. Braun & R.S. Unnasch 2003. Are we conserving what we say we are? Measuring ecological integrity within protected areas. Bioscience 53(9): 851.
Unnasch, R.S., D. P. Braun, P. J. Comer, G. E. Eckert. 2008. The Ecological Integrity Assessment
Framework: A Framework for Assessing the Ecological Integrity of Biological and Ecological Resources of
the National Park System. Report to the National Park Service.
Urban Ecology and Green Infrastructure
Jacqueline W.T. Lu, Megan Shane, Erika Svendsen, Lindsay Campbell, Cristiana Fragola, Marianne Krasny, Gina Lovasi, G. David Maddox, Simon McDonnell, P. Timon McPhearson, Franco Montalto, Andrew Newman, Ellen Pehek, Ruth A. Rae, Richard Stedman, Keith G. Tidball, Lynne Westphal, Tom Whitlow 2009. MillionTreesNYC, Green Infrastructure, and Urban Ecology: Building a Research Agenda. 48pp.
Ottke, C., P. Kristensen, G. David Maddox and E. Rodenburg 2000. Monitoring for Impact: A Handbook on Natural Resources Monitoring based on Lessons from 13 NGOs, Volume 1. World Resources Institute, 90pp.
Ottke, C., P. Kristensen, G. David Maddox and E. Rodenburg 2000. Monitoring for Impact: A Handbook on Natural Resources Monitoring based on Lessons from 13 NGOs, Volume 2. World Resources Institute, 70pp.
Dalton, S.E., Ed. (2009). Climate Change Adaptation, Preparation, and Mitigation in New Brunswick, Report to the NB Environmental Trust Fund.
Morse, L.E, L.S. Kutner, G. David Maddox, L.L. Honey and C.M. Thurman 1993. The potential effects of climate change on the native vascular flora of North America: A preliminary climate envelope analysis. Report to the Electric Power Research Institute, 90pp.
Maddox, G. David and L.E. Morse 1990. Plant conservation and global climate change. The Nature Conservancy Magazine. July/August 1990.
Braun, D.P. 2006. Measuring Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation Success. In N. Silk and K. Ciruna, editors, A Practitioner’s Guide to Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation. Island Press and The Nature Conservancy: Washington, D.C.
Dalton, S.E. & Prentice, J. (2006). Science, policy and civil society: opportunities and constraints for watershed groups in New Brunswick. Report of New Brunswick Watershed Groups’ Institute November 22-24, 2005. Fredericton, NB: Environment and Sustainable Development Research Centre, University of New Brunswick.
Grieser, K. and S. Dalton, (2006). Quantification and Characterization of Recreational Paddling on Tivoli Bays and Constitution Marsh. Section VII: 83 pp. In W.C. Nieder & J.R. Waldman (eds). Final Reports of the Tibor T.Polgar Fellowship Program, 2005 Hudson River Foundation.
Remote Sensing and Invasive Species
Karl, J.W., and M. Porter. 2006. Digital aerial sketch-mapping for early detection and mapping of invasive species. In Invasive Plant Inventory Methods. Center for Invasive Plant Management, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT.
Batcher, M. 2008. Site fire management plan for Maple Hill Savanna. Prepared for The Nature Conservancy, North Carolina Chapter, Durham, NC.
Batcher, M. 2006. Ecological management plan for Ossipee Pine Barrens. Report prepared for The Nature Conservancy, New Hampshire Chapter, Concord, NH.
Salo, L.F., G.R. McPherson, and D.G. Williams. 2005. Sonoran Desert winter annuals affected by density of red brome and soil nitrogen. The American Midland Naturalist 153:102-116.
David Maddox discusses range research in Ganzu, China.
(Photo by Marta Tellado)